Bacterial meningitis is without a doubt the most severe kind of meningitis, which can cause inability and also death. It impacts the meninges, which represent the membranes situated around our brain and spinal cord, having the function of protecting the central nervous system.
What you should know about this condition:
- In the U.S. there were around 4,100 instances of bacterial meningitis in the period 2003 – 2007, around 500 of them resulting in death.
- Bacterial kind is the second most present kind of viral meningitis.
- The risk id bigger for the infants.
- It is spreading out in open spots, for example, school grounds.
- Early indications of meningitis incorporate a fever and stiff neck, headache, vomiting, nausea, and light sensitivity.
Causes and Risk Factors
Meningitis represents inflammation of the meninges located around our brain. Bacterial meningitis happened due to microorganisms, for example,
- Haemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae) type B (Hib)
- Group B Streptococcus
- Neisseria meningitides (N. meningitides)
- Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumonia)
- Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes)
These microorganisms can go from one individual to another through the saliva, spit, or when sneezing or coughing. However, some kinds can be spread via food too.
- Infants are most vulnerable to this condition. Other hazard factors are:
- an anatomical deformity or trauma, for example, a fracture of the skull, and some types of surgery,
- having an infection in the head or neck
- living in or going to specific areas, for example, sub-Saharan Africa
- weak immunity due to medications
- spending time in groups
- working in research centers and settings where meningitis pathogens are available
The signs may show up suddenly or over a few days, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Read them below:
- Pain in the muscles
- Light sensitivity
- Nausea and vomiting
- Headache and a stiff neck
- Cold hands or feet and mottled skin
The following may appear in infants:
- Breathe rapidly
- Be stiff, floppy or listless
- Refuse food and be bad-tempered
- Cry a lot
Meningitis rash glass test
A meningitis rash appears if the blood leaks between the tissues underneath our skin. It commonly starts as a couple of spots in any substantial part, then it spreads rapidly and looks like new bruises. The glass is helpful for recognizing the meningeal rash.
- Press the side of a glass against the rash.
- If the rash is fading and losing the shading under pressure, then it is not a meningitis rash.
- If it doesn’t change the shading, contact a specialist.
- The rash/spots may disappear and afterward return.
How to treat it
The treatments include:
- Oxygen treatment to help with the breathing.
- Fluids, especially if the patient can’t drink or is vomiting.
- Corticosteroids to decrease the brain inflammation.
- Acetaminophen, or paracetamol: alongside cooling cushions, liquids, and room ventilation to decrease fever.